Astrophysicists have found a way to colonize other planets, comparing them with the conditions on the Ground.

Scientists have been searching for suitable for mankind place in the Universe in case in the future will need to conduct the relocation for the salvation of our species. At first glance, such places yet to be found, only indirect signs of the presence of water on some planets, moons and exoplanets. However, more-or-less comfortable place for colonization is almost next door, some 55 million kilometers away is the planet Mars, writes segodnya.ua.

Of course, Mars is not the friendliest for the life of the planet. A thin atmosphere consisting of 95% carbon dioxide, very low pressure (less than 160 times), high temperature and periodic very strong hurricanes, chilling the entire planet, a huge dust cloud. But still a way to survive there, scientists say. But the biggest problem of Mars is the strongest cosmic radiation penetrating the surface of the planet. It also creates danger even for interplanetary flights. A number of scientific studies have proved that a long stay in space have a destructive effect on the brain.


Photo: Naked-science

So, if the flight to the red planet will take about 7 months to Mars can land people with severe brain damage and most likely won’t even know where, if any remain alive. And yet, we have created the technology with which you can go into Earth orbit and even to its satellite, the moon. In theory, we are this close to interplanetary travel. Moreover, many governments plan to send humans to Mars.

For example, a person land on Mars, where in a comfortable environment, if its surface is lifeless? Researchers believe that to survive in the harsh Martian environment, you can deep under the Martian ground. Recently, scientists have evidence that Mars – the planet is seismically active, there exists a large network of underground tunnels, which were formed as a result of thousands of years of volcanic activity. These tunnels, or as they call it, a lava tube, left after fast flowing lava burned through the Martian soil.

According to astrophysicist Antonio Paris and his team, which was engaged in research and safety evaluation of Martian lava tubes, cover future colonists in deep underground tunnels can significantly reduce exposure to dangerous cosmic radiation. Moreover, researchers are convinced that the best place to land is “plain Greek” Hellas of the Shipyards.

The fact that this part of Mars gets less cosmic and solar radiation than in much of the rest of the planet’s surface. Once said Antonio Paris, a shelter for astronauts in deep lava tubes can reduce its impact even more, thus securing to the colonists survival. But how to measure the level of radiation in lava tubes on Mars?

Then we need to know about lava tubes on the Earth by measuring their external and internal radiation levels of Paris got a General idea about whether the structure of the lava tubes to reduce the exposure to cosmic radiation. The study is published in the journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.

“A lava tube can help in the study of Martian Geology and geomorphology, as well as potentially help to detect any evidence of microbial life on the early stages of the natural history of Mars,” Paris wrote in his Twitter.

Can we leverage natural resources on #Mars, such as lava tubes, to minimize exposure from radiation? pic.twitter.com/NWM0yh2Ka7

— Antonio Paris (@AntonioParis) April 29, 2020

In the end, a lava tube may well become our new home on another planet. Agree, the term sounds so-so. But given the fact that the other option we may not be – life in lava tubes – this is not the worst, what lies on other planets.


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