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Scientists from Ukraine, Georgia and EU countries check the bottom of the Black sea

One of the important tasks of the expedition is to figure out how to keep the population of black sea dolphins

Mare Nigrum. On Board — modern equipment for research. Photo: port.odessa.ua

International ecological expedition EMBLAS on the research vessel Mare Nigrum recently moored off the coast of Odessa, to investigate the state of the Black sea. Scientists from Ukraine, Georgia and EU countries will assess the damage man is doing to the sea and its inhabitants. And one of the important tasks of the expedition is to figure out how to keep the population of black sea dolphins.

The researchers, the path which lies from Odessa to Batumi, planning to return on 6 September. “The expedition will cover more than 3,000 km and will take more than 1,000 samples of water and bottom sediments,” — said the Director of the Ukrainian research centre of marine ecology Victor Comorin, noting that this is the second expedition, but this time scientists will collect new data on nasleduemykh earlier things.

The experts plan to evaluate the pollution of the sea by microplastics. “Microplastics are small plastic particles that are often swallowed by fish and birds. It causes great damage to the sea and can get on your table. We want to estimate the amount of this plastic to understand what to do with it”, — told the “Today” representative of the project Olena Marushevska. This plastic is in the form of fragments of bottles, toys and other debris falls into the sea without the involvement of the tourists.

Scientists also will test the remnants of the DNA of living things on the bottom and in sea water to understand what kinds of plants and animals live in the depths. Going to explore and sea pollution by toxic substances in the future to reduce it. “The results of our expedition will also be taken into account in the strategy of the Ministry of environment”, — told us in the EMBLAS.

Expedition. Scientists want to test DNA of the remains in the Black sea. Photo: euukrainecoop.net

To keep the population of dolphins, scientists plan to find out the cause of their death. “Many die in fishing nets. In the world of non-target by-catch of dolphins (unintentional production, is caught in the net in commercial fishing. — Ed.) is considered a major factor in their demise. For example, we found the dolphins without tails: the animals were tangled in the nets, they cut off the tails, so as not to cut the chain, and threw” — told us about the cruelty of some fishermen, the project coordinator of the world wildlife Fund in Ukraine Natalia hozac, adding that industrial fishing deprives dolphins feed in the usual habitats. It also harms animals because they swim in shallow water, where can’t go back to sea.

LEARN ABOUT THE SEA AND DEBRIS

To acquaint people with the flora and fauna of the Black sea, the project EMBLAS developed the game for smartphones. “Her goal is to save the black sea virtual resident, which you can see on the map,” reads the app description. Save a virtual Dolphin or crab, gaining points for photos of sea birds, fish and animals, and also of deposits of debris on the coast.

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